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Abstract

Along the Qinling–Sulu–Odesan collisional belt, the peak metamorphic conditions reflect systematically changing metamorphic regimes from east to west: ultra-high temperature (UHT) granulite-facies metamorphism in the Odesan area; high pressure (HP) eclogite-facies metamorphism in the Hongseong area; ultra-high pressure (UHP) eclogite-facies metamorphism in the Sulu, Dabie and Hong'an areas; HP eclogite-facies metamorphism in the Tonbai area; epidote–amphibolite- and blueschist facies metamorphism in the Wudang area; and HP granulite-facies metamorphism in the western Qinling area. Additionally, the Triassic post-collisional igneous rocks regionally intruded at both ends of the collision belt, in the west Qinling and Hongseong–Odesan areas. These observations indicate that the following collisional processes occurred along the Qinling–Dabie–Odesan collisional belt. The North China Craton and South China Craton first collided at their eastern margins (the Odesan area) with an angle of approximately 60° between their long axes. Consequently, the amount of oceanic slab subducted before the collision increased from the Odesan area to the Sulu area, resulting in an increase in the depth of slab break-off. After slab break-off occurred in the Sulu area, the lateral tearing force strengthened, decreasing the depth of slab break-off from the Sulu area to the western Qinling area as collision propagated westward.

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