Combining in situ monitoring using seabed instruments and numerical modelling to assess the transient stability of underwater slopes
Published:September 30, 2019
Morelia Urlaub, Heinrich Villinger, 2019. "Combining in situ monitoring using seabed instruments and numerical modelling to assess the transient stability of underwater slopes", Subaqueous Mass Movements and their Consequences: Assessing Geohazards, Environmental Implications and Economic Significance of Subaqueous Landslides, D.G. Lintern, D.C. Mosher, L.G. Moscardelli, P.T. Bobrowsky, C. Campbell, J. Chaytor, J. Clague, A. Georgiopoulou, P. Lajeunesse, A. Normandeau, D. Piper, M. Scherwath, C. Stacey, D. Turmel
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The stability of submarine slopes is often characterized using campaign-based geophysical and geotechnical measurements in combination with numerical modelling. However, such one-off measurements do not reflect transient changes in slope stability. In situ monitoring of physical parameters critical for slope stability over periods of months to years can provide crucial information on slope stability and can also be used in an early-warning system for submarine landslides and the possibly resulting tsunamis. We review existing techniques that are capable of monitoring seafloor deformation over long periods of time. Based on numerical models we can identify the magnitude of parameters related to landslide-induced seafloor deformation. Simulations of three different failure scenarios up to the point of failure show that the development of the stress state of a slope and hence stability over time can be captured by measurements of tilt, pressure and strain at the seafloor. We also find that different failure mechanisms induce different deformation signals at the seafloor, in particular tilt. Hence, with a site- and target-specific survey design (or a large pool of instruments), seafloor deformation measurements in combination with numerical modelling can be used to determine the temporal evolution of slope stability as well as to identify underlying failure mechanisms.
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Subaqueous Mass Movements and their Consequences: Assessing Geohazards, Environmental Implications and Economic Significance of Subaqueous Landslides
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The challenges facing submarine mass movement researchers and engineers are plentiful and exciting. This book follows several high-profile submarine landslide disasters that have reached the world's attention over the past few years. For decades, researchers have been mapping the world's mass movements. Their significant impacts on the Earth by distributing sediment on phenomenal scales is undeniable. Their importance in the origins of buried resources has long been understood. Their hazard potential ranges from damaging to apocalyptic, frequently damaging local infrastructure and sometimes devastating whole coastlines. Moving beyond mapping advances, the subaqueous mass movement scientists and practitioners are now also focussed on assessing the consequences of mass movements, and the measurement and modelling of events, hazard analysis and mitigation. Many state-of-the-art examples are provided in this book, which is produced under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation Program S4SLIDE (Significance of Modern and Ancient Submarine Slope LandSLIDEs).