A two-dimensional layer-averaged numerical model for turbidity currents
Published:September 30, 2019
Shihao Yang, Yi An, Qingquan Liu, 2019. "A two-dimensional layer-averaged numerical model for turbidity currents", Subaqueous Mass Movements and their Consequences: Assessing Geohazards, Environmental Implications and Economic Significance of Subaqueous Landslides, D.G. Lintern, D.C. Mosher, L.G. Moscardelli, P.T. Bobrowsky, C. Campbell, J. Chaytor, J. Clague, A. Georgiopoulou, P. Lajeunesse, A. Normandeau, D. Piper, M. Scherwath, C. Stacey, D. Turmel
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Turbidity currents occur widely in submarine environments, but field-scale numerical simulations of the flow features have not been applied extensively. Here, we present a two-dimensional layer-averaged numerical model to simulate turbidity currents over an erodible sediment bed, and taking into consideration deposition, entrainment and friction. The numerical model was developed based on the open-source code, Basilisk, ensuring well-balanced and positivity-preserving properties. An adaptive spatial discretization was used, which allows multi-level refinement. The adaptive criterion is based on the dynamic features of the flow and sediment concentrations. The numerical scheme has a relatively high computational efficiency compared with models based on the Cartesian mesh. A hypothetical case based on a true large-scale landform (the Moroccan Turbidite System, offshore NW Africa) was studied. Compared with previous models, the current model accounted for the coupling between flow, sediment transportation and bed evolution. This approach may improve simulation results and also allow the simulation of complex field-scale landforms, while preserving the flow details.
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Subaqueous Mass Movements and their Consequences: Assessing Geohazards, Environmental Implications and Economic Significance of Subaqueous Landslides
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The challenges facing submarine mass movement researchers and engineers are plentiful and exciting. This book follows several high-profile submarine landslide disasters that have reached the world's attention over the past few years. For decades, researchers have been mapping the world's mass movements. Their significant impacts on the Earth by distributing sediment on phenomenal scales is undeniable. Their importance in the origins of buried resources has long been understood. Their hazard potential ranges from damaging to apocalyptic, frequently damaging local infrastructure and sometimes devastating whole coastlines. Moving beyond mapping advances, the subaqueous mass movement scientists and practitioners are now also focussed on assessing the consequences of mass movements, and the measurement and modelling of events, hazard analysis and mitigation. Many state-of-the-art examples are provided in this book, which is produced under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation Program S4SLIDE (Significance of Modern and Ancient Submarine Slope LandSLIDEs).