Stratal architecture and evolution of a slope mass-transport complex, Isaac Formation, Neoproterozoic Windermere Supergroup, southern Canadian Cordillera, British Columbia, Canada
Published:September 30, 2019
Lilian Navarro, R. William C. Arnott, 2019. "Stratal architecture and evolution of a slope mass-transport complex, Isaac Formation, Neoproterozoic Windermere Supergroup, southern Canadian Cordillera, British Columbia, Canada", Subaqueous Mass Movements and their Consequences: Assessing Geohazards, Environmental Implications and Economic Significance of Subaqueous Landslides, D.G. Lintern, D.C. Mosher, L.G. Moscardelli, P.T. Bobrowsky, C. Campbell, J. Chaytor, J. Clague, A. Georgiopoulou, P. Lajeunesse, A. Normandeau, D. Piper, M. Scherwath, C. Stacey, D. Turmel
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Detailed sedimentological and stratigraphic analyses of a c. 1500 m thick, siliciclastic-dominated slope succession in the Neoproterozoic Isaac Formation at the Castle Creek study area (southern Canadian Cordillera) reveals the occurrence of four well-preserved mass-transport complexes (MTCs) composed principally of slide/slump and debris-flow deposits. The stratigraphically lowest of these complexes is about 60 m thick and crops out for >2.5 km laterally, consisting of slide and debrite. The slide has an irregular erosive base with ramp-and-flat geometry. This is overlain locally by boulder-sized blocks of slightly to moderately deformed strata, bounded by shear surfaces. The slide is overlain by a debrite that pinches and swells laterally, consisting of matrix-supported conglomerate with common metre-scale clasts of mudstone and coarse-grained sandstone embedded in a mudstone-rich matrix with dispersed, pebble quartz grains. Based on its stratigraphic position at the base of the slope, vertical stacking of slide-debrite, lithological distribution, considerable thickness and lateral extent, this MTC is interpreted to be associated with a major episode of continental slope instability and submarine mass-wasting. The close association between the MTC and underlying/overlying mixed carbonate-siliciclastic strata suggests that sea level most likely exerted a key control on sediment supply, which ultimately led to the emplacement of this MTC.
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Subaqueous Mass Movements and their Consequences: Assessing Geohazards, Environmental Implications and Economic Significance of Subaqueous Landslides
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The challenges facing submarine mass movement researchers and engineers are plentiful and exciting. This book follows several high-profile submarine landslide disasters that have reached the world's attention over the past few years. For decades, researchers have been mapping the world's mass movements. Their significant impacts on the Earth by distributing sediment on phenomenal scales is undeniable. Their importance in the origins of buried resources has long been understood. Their hazard potential ranges from damaging to apocalyptic, frequently damaging local infrastructure and sometimes devastating whole coastlines. Moving beyond mapping advances, the subaqueous mass movement scientists and practitioners are now also focussed on assessing the consequences of mass movements, and the measurement and modelling of events, hazard analysis and mitigation. Many state-of-the-art examples are provided in this book, which is produced under the auspices of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation Program S4SLIDE (Significance of Modern and Ancient Submarine Slope LandSLIDEs).