Synsedimentary deformation in Upper Cretaceous–Lower Paleogene limestones within a thrust anticline of the Umbria-Marche Apennines, Italy
Sofia Tognaccini, Enrico Tavarnelli, Alessandro Montanari, "Synsedimentary deformation in Upper Cretaceous–Lower Paleogene limestones within a thrust anticline of the Umbria-Marche Apennines, Italy", 250 Million Years of Earth History in Central Italy: Celebrating 25 Years of the Geological Observatory of Coldigioco, Christian Koeberl, David M. Bice
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The geometry of collisional mountain belts, which were formed at the expense of passive continental margins, is often complex because orogenic structures, such as thrusts and related folds, commonly interfere with pre-orogenic extensional structures, namely, normal faults, resulting in kinematically complex, composite structural assemblages. In these settings, analysis of the relationships between depositional and structural features may provide very useful tools to correctly unravel the local sedimentary and deformational history and relative ages of structures. Analysis of the relationships between minor normal faults and slumps near Frontale in the Umbria-Marche Apennines of Italy made it possible to correctly unravel the local chronology of events and hence to infer the depositional and deformation history of a part of the Upper Cretaceous–Paleogene Scaglia Rossa Formation pelagic basin. The results of this investigation made it possible to ascribe the normal faults to events that predate the construction of the Umbria-Marche mountain belt. Therefore, the normal faults at Frontale are distinct from those that overprint the main compressional structures responsible for the present-day seismicity of central Italy.
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250 Million Years of Earth History in Central Italy: Celebrating 25 Years of the Geological Observatory of Coldigioco
Central Italy has been a cradle of geology for centuries. For more than 100 years, studies at the Umbria and Marche Apennines have led to new ideas and a better understanding of the past, such as the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K-Pg) boundary event, or the events across the Eocene–Oligocene transition from a greenhouse to an icehouse world. The Umbria-Marche Apennines are entirely made of marine sedimentary rocks, representing a continuous record of the geotectonic evolution of an epeiric sea from the Early Triassic to the Pleistocene. The book includes reviews and original research works accomplished with the support of the Geological Observatory of Coldigioco, an independent research and educational center, which was founded in an abandoned medieval hamlet near Apiro in 1992.