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In the southern sub-Andean region of Bolivia, most of the structurally controlled hydrocarbon traps are related to the development of the Andean fold-and-thrust belt. The present study analyzed the structure and the hydrocarbon accumulations at the south sub-Andean “wedge-top.” The structural decoupling in the allochthonous section is characterized by two vertical overlapping structural levels, and the general geometry is defined as a trailing imbricate fan system.

Backthrusts, lateral ramps, and tear faults are associated with the shallow structural level. They can act either as barriers or as secondary migration pathways for hydrocarbon accumulations. Related traps show three-and four-way dip...

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