Published:January 01, 2002
Jenaro L. García-Alcalde, Peter Carls, Miguel V. Pardo Alonso, Javier Sanz López, Francisco Soto, Montserrat Truyols-Massoni, José I. Valenzuela-Ríos, 2002. "Devonian", The Geology of Spain, W. Gibbons, Teresa Moreno
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The Devonian was one of the first Palaeozoic periods to be intensively studied in Spain. A few years after the formal definition of the Devonian by A. Sedgwick and R. I. Murchison in Devon, the French naturalists E. de Verneuil and A. d’Archiac (1845) noticed the occurrence of Devonian shelly fossil faunas in Asturias (north Spain). Later on, Prado & Verneuil (1850) enlarged the known Devonian outcrop area to the neighbouring province of Leon, and Prado (1856) extended this to Palencia province. Verneuil & Collomb (1853), Verneuil & Lorière (1854) and Verneuil & Lartet (1863) demonstrated Devonian rocks in the Iberian Ranges, and both Almera (1891c) and Barrois (1892) were pioneers in the study of Devonian rocks in the Catalonian Coastal Ranges. In southern Spain the seminal work on the system belongs to E. de Verneuil and J. Barrande (Prado et al. 1855), and in the Balearic Islands Hermite (1879) discovered the Devonian succession of Minorca. The history of Devonian research in other Spanish areas is in general much more recent, and was mainly developed in the twentieth century (Julivert et al. 1983).
Devonian rocks everywhere in Spain were deposited in marine conditions, although in varied settings ranging from supratidal to subtidal environments. The thickest and most complete Devonian succession in Spain is found in the Cantabrian and WestAsturo-Leonian zones and in the Basque Pyrenees (a–f and w,
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The Geology of Spain
This book provides the first comprehensive account in English of the geology of mainland Spain and the Balearic and Canary islands. It has been written by 159 research-active, mostly Spanish authors working together in teams from over 20 universities and other centres of research excellence. The 19 chapters begin with an overview of Spanish geology prepared by the editors, followed by a detailed examination of Iberian Precambrian and Palaeozoic rocks in Spain, Variscan magmatism and tectonics, and the Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary record and fossil record. Subsequent chapters deal with the Alpine orogeny in the Pyrenees, Betics and other mountain ranges of Spain and the Balearic Islands, and with Cenozoic magmatism, including the classic hot-spot-related volcanism of the Canary Islands. The final chapter focuses on economic and environmental geology, emphasizing metallic deposits and industrial minerals, hydrocarbon energy resources, water supply, and modern seismic hazard. Finally a bibliography of around 4000 references provides a uniquely valuable information source. Encompassing subjects as diverse as the origin of Spanish granites, the palaeogeographic and tectonometamorphic history of the Iberian plate, human evolution in the SW Mediterranean, and modern volcanism and earthquake activity, The Geology of Spain is a key reference work suitable not only for libraries across the world, but of interest to all researchers, teachers and students of SW European geology.