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The growth- and throw-rate variability on normal faults can reflect fault interaction, plate tectonic forces, and, in gravity-driven systems, variations in sediment loading. Because earthquakes may occur as faults slip, it is important to understand what processes influence throw rate variability on normal faults to be able to predict seismic hazards in extensional terranes. Furthermore, the rate of normal fault growth directly controls rift physiography, sediment erosion, dispersal and deposition, and the distribution and stratigraphic architecture of synrift reservoirs. Instrumental (e.g., geodetic) data may constrain the coseismic movement on, or relatively short-term (i.e., <103 yr) throw rate history...

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