History of the oil and gas industry in Romania
Alina Dana Tulucan, Lucia-Elena Soveja-Iacob, Csaba Krezsek, 2018. "History of the oil and gas industry in Romania", History of the European Oil and Gas Industry, J. Craig, F. Gerali, F. MacAulay, R. Sorkhabi
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Oil and gas activities in Romania cover a long time interval from antiquity until the present day. Most importantly, the year 1857 represents the starting point for industrial production in Romania when three world oil firsts were achieved:
the first country with a crude oil production formally recorded in domestic and international statistics (275 tons);
the first petroleum industrial refinery, located in Ploiești, with a processing capacity of 7.5 tons/day;
Bucharest became the first city in the world to have public illumination, using lamp oils.
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The history of the European oil and gas industry reflects local as well as global political events, economic constraints and the personal endeavours of individual petroleum geoscientists as much as it does the development of technologies and the underlying geology of the region. The first commercial oil wells in Europe were drilled in Poland in 1853, Romania in 1857, Germany in 1859 and Italy in 1860. The 23 papers in this volume focus on the history and heritage of the oil and gas industry in the key European oil-producing countries from the earliest onshore drilling to its development into the modern industry that we know today. The contributors chronicle the main events and some of the major players that shaped the industry in Europe. The volume also marks several important anniversaries, including 150 years of oil exploration in Poland and Romania, the centenary of the drilling of the first oil well in the UK and 50 years of oil production from onshore Spain.