Tidally influenced shoal water delta and estuary in the Middle Jurassic of the Søgne Basin, Norwegian North Sea: sedimentary response to rift initiation and salt tectonics
Donatella Mellere, Aruna Mannie, Sergio Longhitano, Mike Mazur, HYELNI KULAUSA, Samme Brough, James Cotton, 2017. "Tidally influenced shoal water delta and estuary in the Middle Jurassic of the Søgne Basin, Norwegian North Sea: sedimentary response to rift initiation and salt tectonics", Sedimentology of Paralic Reservoirs: Recent Advances, G. J. Hampson, A. D. Reynolds, B. Kostic, M. R. Wells
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Recent studies in the Middle Jurassic Bryne and Sandnes formations, primary reservoirs in several fields across the Norwegian and Danish North Sea, show the widespread occurrence of tidal-influenced and tide-dominated deposits. Aalenian–Bajocian Bryne cores reflect deposition by a shoal water, tidally influenced delta onto a low wave energy tidal platform (both supratidal and intertidal) that probably occupied the majority of the Søgne Basin, a narrow rift system connected to the Central and Danish graben and transgressed from an open-marine basin, possibly located to the south. At the Bathonian–Callovian boundary, a new phase of rifting and progressive salt movements led to the deposition of the upper Bryne and Sandnes formations within an 80–100 km long composite estuarine valley. Basin tilting to the south and continued transgression resulted in tidal deltas that offlap the northern margin of the basin. The basin was fully transgressed by the end of the Callovian. From the Late Bathonian onwards, differential tectonic movements along the broadly interconnected Middle Jurassic rift basins led to a change in the transgression direction from south to north, with an open-marine basin located in the Central and Viking graben.
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Paralic reservoirs reflect a range of depositional environments including deltas, shoreline-shelf systems and estuaries. They provide the backbone of production in many mature basins, and contribute significantly to global conventional hydrocarbon production. However, the range of environments, together with relative sea-level and sediment supply changes, result in significant variability in their stratigraphic architecture and sedimentological heterogeneity, which translates into complex patterns of reservoir distribution and production that are challenging to predict, optimize and manage.
This volume presents new research and developments in established approaches to the exploration and production of paralic reservoirs. The 13 papers in the volume are grouped into three thematic sections, which address: the sedimentological characterization of paralic reservoirs using subsurface data; lithological heterogeneity in paralic depositional systems arising from the influence of tidal currents; and paralic reservoir analogue studies of modern sediments and ancient outcrops. The volume demonstrates that heterogeneity in paralic reservoirs is increasingly well understood at all scales, but highlights gaps in our knowledge and areas of current research.