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Book Chapter

Crustal structure and tectono-stratigraphy

Published:
January 01, 2018

Abstract

The Mid Black Sea High comprises two en echelon basement ridges, the Archangelsky and Andrusov ridges, that separate the western and eastern Black Sea basins. The sediment cover above these ridges has been characterized by extensive seismic reflection data, but the crustal structure beneath is poorly known. We present results from a densely sampled wide-angle seismic profile, coincident with a pre-existing seismic reflection profile, which elucidates the crustal structure. We show that the basement ridges are covered by approximately 1–2 km of pre-rift sedimentary rocks. The Archangelsky Ridge has higher pre-rift sedimentary velocities and higher velocities at the top of basement (c. 6 km s−1). The Andrusov Ridge has lower pre-rift sedimentary velocities and velocities less than 5 km s−1 at the top of the basement. Both ridges are underlain by approximately 20-km-thick crust with velocities reaching around 7.2 km s−1 at their base, interpreted as thinned continental crust. These high velocities are consistent with the geology of the Pontides, which is formed of accreted island arcs, oceanic plateaux and accretionary complexes. The crustal thickness implies crustal thinning factors of approximately 1.5–2. The differences between the ridges reflect different sedimentary and tectonic histories.

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Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Petroleum Geology of the Black Sea

M. D. Simmons
M. D. Simmons
Halliburton, UK
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G. C. Tari
G. C. Tari
OMV, Austria
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A. I. Okay
A. I. Okay
Eurasia Institute of Earth Sciences, Turkey
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Geological Society of London
Volume
464
ISBN electronic:
9781786203724
Publication date:
January 01, 2018

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