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Abstract

Successful sustainable development and geohazard mitigation in the Himalaya requires an understanding of the nature and dynamics of Earth surface processes and landscape evolution. In recent years, geoscience studies of Himalayan environments have been increasing due to better accessibility, modern technologies and the understanding that there is a necessity to determine the nature and predict likely environmental changes that are occurring due to natural and human influences. The Himalaya is one of the most dynamically active tectonic and geomorphic regions on our planet, and it is the most glaciated mountain area outside of the polar realms. The high mountains and deep valleys are a consequence of the continued collision of the Indian and Eurasian continental plates, rapid uplift and intense denudation by glacial, fluvial, landsliding, aeolian and weathering processes. These processes change over time, influenced by topographic development, climate change and humans. Defining the rates and magnitudes of these processes and their interactions is fundamental in developing a framework to quantify, model and predict future changes for geohazard mitigation and sustainable development.

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