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The Archean Windimurra Igneous Complex consists of distinct components, including a thick layered series, with a cumulate mineral stratigraphy similar to the zones identified in the well-studied Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The complex is part of the plume-related and laterally extensive 2.81 Ga Meeline Suite, the intrusive component of a large igneous province. It is an anhydrous tholeiitic suite consisting of five layered mafic–ultramafic intrusions 25–85 km in the long dimension. These intrusions host significant V–Ti mineralization in their fractionated, Fe-rich upper zones. Recent mapping, combined with aeromagnetic, gravity and seismic surveys, has provided unparalleled three-dimensional constraints on the largest of these intrusions. The results of three-dimensional modelling show that it is thicker than previously recognized. At c. 11 km, it is the thickest layered mafic–ultramafic intrusion identified globally and one of the largest such intrusions volumetrically. The mineral zone stratigraphy and many other features associated with this complex share similarities with the c. 800 myr younger Bushveld Complex. On a large scale, three discordant units are delineated geometrically, providing fundamental constraints on a multi-stage genetic model for magma emplacement. The indication of a thick, subsurface Ultramafic Zone provides a potential target for Ni–Cr–platinum group element mineralization.

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