Geochemical constraints on the provenance of pre-Mississippian sedimentary rocks in the North Slope subterrane of Yukon and Alaska
Lyle L. Nelson, Justin V. Strauss, Peter W. Crockford, Grant M. Cox, Benjamin G. Johnson, William Ward, Maurice Colpron, William C. McClelland, Francis A. Macdonald, "Geochemical constraints on the provenance of pre-Mississippian sedimentary rocks in the North Slope subterrane of Yukon and Alaska", Circum-Arctic Structural Events: Tectonic Evolution of the Arctic Margins and Trans-Arctic Links with Adjacent Orogens, Karsten Piepjohn, Justin V. Strauss, Lutz Reinhardt, William C. McClelland
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The North Slope subterrane of Arctic Alaska extends from the northeastern Brooks Range of Alaska into adjacent Yukon, Canada, and includes a pre-Mississippian deep-water sedimentary succession that has been historically correlated with units exposed in the Selwyn basin of northwestern Laurentia. Sedimentary provenance data, including Sm-Nd isotopes and major and trace element geochemistry, provide detailed geochemical characterization of the regional pre-Mississippian strata of the North Slope subterrane. Combined with paleontological and geochronological age constraints, these new data record a marked shift in provenance in the Ordovician–Devonian(?) Clarence River Group, evidently linked to an influx of juvenile, arc-derived material. The timing and nature of this provenance change are consistent with early Paleozoic tectonic reconstructions of the Arctic margin that restore the North Slope subterrane to northeastern Laurentia (present coordinates), proximal to the Appalachian-Caledonian orogenic belt. Such a restoration requires significant post-Early Devonian sinistral strike-slip displacement to later incorporate the North Slope subterrane into the composite Arctic Alaska terrane.