Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

North Yukon lies at the intersection of two major tectonic domains that define the western and northern edges of the North American continent—the northern Cordilleran mountain belt and the Arctic Ocean. The pre-Carboniferous geology in North Yukon includes the Neoproterozoic−lower Paleozoic North Slope subterrane of the Arctic Alaska terrane and, south of the Porcupine shear zone, Mesoproterozoic−Paleozoic rocks of the Yukon stable block. The North Slope subterrane was deformed prior to deposition of Carboniferous and younger strata, and its paleogeographic origins are debated. North Yukon was deformed again during Cretaceous−Cenozoic development of the northern Cordilleran−Brookian orogen.

To help refine understanding of the geological evolution of the region, we present detrital zircon U-Pb and Hf isotopic data for 21 sandstone and conglomerate samples from Neoproterozoic to Cenozoic strata collected across North Yukon, between ~69°15′N and 67°11′N. Neoproterozoic−Cambrian strata in the British Mountains are characterized by a dominance of Paleoproterozoic zircons (peak at 1.7–1.8 Ga), whereas samples from the Barn Mountains to the south have abundant Mesoproterozoic grains (1.0–1.5 Ga), suggesting these rocks may have been deposited along different segments of the northern Laurentian margin. Regional geophysics suggest these domains could be separated by a fault. Northeastern Laurentian origins are indicated by distinct early Neoproterozoic and Ordovician−Silurian zircons in Upper Silurian−Lower Devonian immature sandstone and conglomerate of the Clarence River Group and provide the most compelling evidence for large-scale translation along northern Laurentia.

Precambrian detrital zircons in Carboniferous and younger strata reflect mostly recycling of local older strata. Carboniferous conglomerates all show Late Devonian peaks (365–378 Ma) consistent with erosion of nearby granitoid plutons. Triassic to Paleocene samples yielded a range of Neoproterozoic−Paleozoic zircons recycled from nearby Devonian flysch. Most significantly, these samples also yielded juvenile zircons that are close to depositional age, but for which arc sources are only known in southern Yukon and Alaska, more than 700 km away. These source regions are distinct from NE Russian sources inferred for early Brookian (Early Cretaceous) foreland deposits in Alaska.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.

Figures & Tables

Contents

GeoRef

References

Related

Citing Books via

Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal