Towards real-time earthquake impact alerting in Indonesia
Sigit Pramono, Trevor I. Allen, Craig Bugden, Rakhindro Pandhu, Isabella Nindya, Hadi Ghasemi, Masturyono, 2017. "Towards real-time earthquake impact alerting in Indonesia", Geohazards in Indonesia: Earth Science for Disaster Risk Reduction, P. R. Cummins, I. Meilano
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The Government of Indonesia has committed to deploying a network of 500 strong-motion sensors throughout the nation. The data from these sensors have the potential to provide critical near-real-time information on the level of ground shaking and potential impact from Indonesian earthquakes near communities. We describe the implementation of real-time ‘ShakeMaps’ within Indonesia’s Agency of Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG). These ShakeMaps are intended to underpin real-time earthquake situational awareness tools.
The use of the new strong-motion network is demonstrated for two recent earthquakes in northern Sumatra: the 2 July 2013 Mw 6.1 Bener Meriah, Sumatra and the 10 October 2013 Mw 5.4 Aceh Besar earthquakes. The former earthquake resulted in 35 fatalities, with a further 2400 reported injuries. The recently integrated ShakeMap system automatically generated shaking estimates calibrated by BMKG’s strong-motion network within 7 min of the Bener Meriah earthquake’s origin, which assisted the emergency response efforts. Recorded ground motions are generally consistent with theoretical models. However, more analysis is required to fully characterize the attenuation of strong ground motion in Indonesia.
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With dense urban populations located in one of the most active tectonic belts in the world, Indonesia is a hotspot for natural hazard risk. During the twentieth century, Indonesia had limited means to keep natural disaster fatalities from rising commensurately with the explosive growth in population. This situation is changing rapidly, however, with major political and economic advances over the past two decades having led to substantial investments in seismic and geodetic infrastructure. The potential for advances in Earth science to reduce natural disaster fatalities in Indonesia has never been greater.
This Special Publication documents some of the recent advances made by Earth scientists that contribute towards a better understanding of geological hazards in Indonesia.