Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

Radon as an anthropogenic indoor air pollutant as exemplified by radium-dial watches and other uranium- and radium-containing artefacts

By
Robin G. M. Crockett
Robin G. M. Crockett
Department of Environmental and Geographical Sciences, School of Science and Technology, University of Northampton, St George's Avenue, Northampton NN2 6JD, UK
Search for other works by this author on:
Gavin K. Gillmore
Gavin K. Gillmore
School of the Natural and Built Environment, Kingston University, Penrhyn Road, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey KT1 2EE, UK
Search for other works by this author on:
Published:
January 01, 2018

Abstract

Radon is generally regarded as a naturally occurring radiological hazard but we report here measurements of significant, hazardous radon concentrations that arise from man-made sources: for example, radium-dial watches. This study is an examination and assessment of health risks from radium and uranium found in historical artefacts, and the radon that emanates from them. This includes radium-dial watches, the main focus, plus clocks, aircraft instruments, and ornaments and artefacts made of uranium glass/uranium-glazed. Such objects were very popular in the 1930s and 1940s, and are still readily available today.

A collection of 30 radium-dial pocket and wrist watches was measured and shown to be capable of giving rise to radon concentrations two orders of magnitude greater than the UK Domestic Action Level of 200 Bq m−3 in unventilated or poorly ventilated rooms. Furthermore, individual watches are capable of giving rise to radon concentrations in excess of the UK Domestic Action Level. We also highlight a gap in remediation protocols, which are focused on preventing radon entering buildings from outside, with regard to internally generated radon hazards. Radon as arising from man-made objects, such as radium-dial watches, should be considered appropriately in radon protocols and guidelines.

You do not currently have access to this article.
Don't already have an account? Register

Figures & Tables

Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Radon, Health and Natural Hazards

G. K. Gillmore
G. K. Gillmore
Kingston University, UK
Search for other works by this author on:
F. E. Perrier
F. E. Perrier
University Paris Diderot, France
Search for other works by this author on:
R. G. M. Crockett
R. G. M. Crockett
University of Northampton, UK
Search for other works by this author on:
The Geological Society of London
Volume
451
ISBN electronic:
9781786203328
Publication date:
January 01, 2018

GeoRef

References

Related

A comprehensive resource of eBooks for researchers in the Earth Sciences

This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

View Article Abstract & Purchase Options

For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription.

Subscribe Now