Chapter 24: Near-Surface Geophysics in Berlin: Combined Geophysical Methods to Detect Near-Surface Obstacles to Construction in the New Capital of Germany
Published:January 01, 2005
C. Gelbke, B. Lehmann, U. Swoboda, R. Elsen, 2005. "Near-Surface Geophysics in Berlin: Combined Geophysical Methods to Detect Near-Surface Obstacles to Construction in the New Capital of Germany", Near-Surface Geophysics, Dwain K. Butler
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On October 3, 1990, a historic event took place in Germany. The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) were reunited after more than 40 years of division as two countries. One year before, in November 1989, the “Berlin Wall,” dividing the city into two parts, was opened. In the parliament assembly of June 20, 1991, the united Berlin was elected to be the new capital and government location of Germany.
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Near-surface geophysics uses the investigational methods of geophysics to study the nature of the very outermost part of the earth’s crust. Man interacts with this part of the earth’s crust: he walks on it; he drills and excavates into it; he constructs structures on and in it; he utilizes its water and mineral resources; and his wastes are stored on and in it and seep into it. The very outermost part of the Earth’s crust is extremely dynamic-in both technical (physical properties) and nontechnical (political, social, legal) terms-which leads to both technical and nontechnical challenges that are much different than the challenges faced by “traditional” applications of geophysics for regional geologic mapping and for oil and gas exploration (see Chapter 2).