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Chapter 4: A Survey of Elastic and Electromagnetic Properties of Near-Surface Soils

By
J. Carlos Santamarina
J. Carlos Santamarina
1
Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA. Email: carlos@ce.gatech.edu.
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Victor A. Rinaldi
Victor A. Rinaldi
2
Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba 5000, Argentina. E-mail: vrinaldi@efn.uncor.edu.
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Dante Fratta
Dante Fratta
3
University of Wisconsin–Madison, Madison, WI 53711, USA. E-mail: fratta@wise.edu
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Katherine A. Klein
Katherine A. Klein
4
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont., M5S 1A4, Canada. Email: klein@ecf.utoronto.ca.
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Yu-Hsing Wang
Yu-Hsing Wang
5
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong. E-mail: ceyhwang@ust.hk.
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Gye Chun Cho
Gye Chun Cho
6
Korea Advanced Inst. of Science and Tech., Daejeon, South Korea. E-mail: gyechun@mail.kaist.ac.kr.
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Giovanni Cascante
Giovanni Cascante
7
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ont., N2L 3G8, Canada. Email: gcascant@uwaterloo.ca.
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Published:
January 01, 2005

Introduction

The near-surface is covered with soil in most onshore and offshore locations. Soil characterization by sampling and in-situ testing techniques (e.g., cone penetration and pressure meters) faces unavoidable perturbation effects. On the other hand, low-power geophysical techniques cause no appreciable perturbation and provide an effective alternative for site assessment. In particular, near-surface site characterization using elastic and electromagnetic perturbations yields important information related to the soil mass, including the spatial distribution of materials, small-strain elastic properties and electromagnetic characteristics. In turn, geophysical measurements can be associated with soil parameters relevant to geotechnical engineering analysis and design.

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Contents

Investigations in Geophysics

Near-Surface Geophysics

Dwain K. Butler
Dwain K. Butler
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Society of Exploration Geophysicists
Volume
13
ISBN electronic:
9781560801719
Publication date:
January 01, 2005

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