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Chapter 2: Special Challenges Associated with the Near Surface

Steve H. Danbom
Steve H. Danbom
Danbom Geophysics, 5222 W. Ridge Pl., Houston, TX, 713-937-7530. E-mail:
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January 01, 2005


Associating the phrases Special Challenges and Near Surface, as extracted from the title of this chapter, may not entirely describe a unique, one-to-one mapping relationship as the details of this chapter are revealed. Indeed, some of the challenges to be reviewed are ubiquitous in the world of experimental geophysics. However, trying to acquire data that would reveal very shallow geological detail may exacerbate these problems until they can no longer be ignored. It is one thing to examine seawater from the deck of a ship, quite another while swimming in it. While we have not really changed our frame of reference, by being so close to that which we are trying to observe, our “camera” begins to have problems. The action-at-a-distance physics techniques we are trying to employ are barely “at a distance.”

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Investigations in Geophysics

Near-Surface Geophysics

Dwain K. Butler
Dwain K. Butler
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Society of Exploration Geophysicists
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January 01, 2005




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