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The difficulty in interpreting MT data consists of the fact that the inverse magnetotelluric problem is ill-posed, and its operator cannot be written in a closed form. Therefore, the basic method of interpretation is iterative optimization using regularizing operators. The optimization is carried out within the class of parametric solutions forming an interpretation model. This model is conceived from a priori concepts about the geology of the area under study and the physical properties of the rocks, as well as from the results of magnetotelluric observations. Thus, it is important to present the results of the magnetotelluric observations in a form that is convenient for direct geoelectric evaluations and conclusions. The frequency curve for the impedance (or the admittance) does not meet this need, since it is not particularly expressive and gives only a rough qualitative picture. However, a considerable improvement can be made by transformations using reasonably simple continuous operators. The transformed magnetotelluric data are expressed in geoelectric terms, such as “resistivity,” “conductivity,” and “depth.” The analysis of these data helps us to determine the type of geoelectric structure, to construct an interpretation model, and to evaluate some of its parameters.

In this chapter, we will describe several interesting impedance and admittance transformations that are used more or less widely in magnetotelluric practice. Before developing these transformations, we would like to gain a better insight into the skin effect in layered media.

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