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A sediment core extracted from Queen’s Sedgemoor, Somerset, SW England, has undergone high-resolution radiocarbon dating, with subsequent directed palynological, diatom, microfossil and mollusc analyses focusing on the sedimentary sequence associated with the late Mesolithic and early Neolithic periods. The microfossil and macrofossil evidence supports stratigraphic evidence for hydroseral succession and the subsequent development of a raised bog. Such palaeoenvironmental investigations provided evidence of the changing character of the wetlands at a time when there is evidence of Mesolithic activity elsewhere in the Somerset Levels. While very low pollen counts limited the interpretive potential of deposits associated with the Mesolithic–Neolithic transition, the multi-proxy micropalaeontological study has revealed a clear picture of landscape change for much of the sedimentary archive, and has identified a new freshwater body within the Somerset Levels in an area of known human activity from the late Mesolithic onwards.

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