Regional study of controls on reservoir quality in the Triassic Skagerrak Formation of the Central North Sea
M. Akpokodje, A. Melvin, J. Churchill, S. Burns, J. Morris, S. Kape, M. Wakefield, R. Ameerali, 2018. "Regional study of controls on reservoir quality in the Triassic Skagerrak Formation of the Central North Sea", Petroleum Geology of NW Europe: 50 Years of Learning – Proceedings of the 8th Petroleum Geology Conference, M. Bowman, B. Levell
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An improved understanding of the controls on reservoir quality is key to ongoing and future exploration of the Central North Sea Triassic play. This paper presents a regional integrated study of 50 000 ft of wireline log data, 10 000 ft of core, 4431 routine core analyses measurements and 377 thin sections from 86 cored wells.
Triassic Skagerrak Formation sandstones represent thin-bedded heterogeneous reservoirs deposited in a dryland fluvial–lacustrine setting. Fluvial-channel facies are typically fine–medium grained and characterized by a low clay content, whilst lake-margin terminal splay facies are finer grained, more argillaceous and micaceous. Lacustrine intervals are mud-dominated. Primary depositional textures retain a primary control on porosity evolution through burial. Optimal reservoir quality occurs in aerially and stratigraphically restricted fluvial-channel tracts on the Drake, Greater Marnock, Puffin and Gannet terraces, and the J-Ridge area. These primary textural and compositional controls are overprinted by mechanical compaction, the development of early overpressure and diagenesis. Anomalously high porosities are retained at depth in fluvial sandstones that have a low degree of compaction and cementation, including chlorite. Forward modelling of reservoir quality using Touchstone™ software has been validated using well UK 30/8-3 where reservoir depths are >16 000 ft TVDSS (true vertical depth subsea).