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In this paper we illustrate the geochemical diversity of the basalts of Panjal (c. 289 Ma), Rajmahal (c. 117 Ma) and Deccan (c. 65 Ma) continental large igneous provinces (continental LIPs) from India as controlled by multiple mantle sources. The Panjal primitive basalts are formed by 5–20%, Rajmahal basalts by 10–20% and Deccan picritic basalts by 1–20% melting of the mantle. The depth of melting beneath Deccan is greater than beneath Rajmahal, which greater than beneath Panjal. We have categorized the Panjal, Rajmahal and Deccan basalts into Type I and Type II. The Type I basalts...

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