Chapter 6: Legal aspects, policy and management
As the underground is inevitably becoming a more and more serious option for development, the complexities should be dealt with in terms of legislation, policies and management issues. This chapter describes how the subsurface is managed and regulated. It discusses three strongly related and inter-linked issues: legal aspects, policy, and management. Legal aspects (Section 6.1) deals with (written) laws and regulations concerning the subsurface. Such laws are normally produced by a government, approved by a house of representatives and enforced by the public sector at national, provincial, or municipal levels. Legislation is rooted in history and culture and this may explain similarities among (groups of) nations, also when it concerns the subsurface.