Combining high-resolution two-phase with simplified single-phase simulations in order to optimize the performance of PA/SA simulations for a deep geological repository for radioactive waste
Philipp Schaedle, Thomas Kaempfer, Guillaume Pépin, Jacques Wendling, Juergen Brommundt, 2017. "Combining high-resolution two-phase with simplified single-phase simulations in order to optimize the performance of PA/SA simulations for a deep geological repository for radioactive waste", Radioactive Waste Confinement: Clays in Natural and Engineered Barriers, S. Norris, J. Bruno, M. van Geet, E. Verhoef
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The transport of a radioactive solute during the transient thermo-hydraulic regime with gas generation in and around a disposal cell depends on complex multi-phase processes. Numerical simulations can improve the understanding of the system by providing detailed information on the temporal and spatial distribution of the radionuclides. In particular, their fluxes can be computed under the given transient conditions considering radionuclide, heat and gas release from the waste. However, such detailed multi-phase simulations are very demanding with respect to computational resources and time. Based on the knowledge gained from such complex simulations, we have developed a robust simplified single-phase approach for performance and safety assessment, the improved efficiency of which enables extensive parameter studies. The simplified approach comprises, on the one hand, homogenization of features of high detail and, on the other hand, the employment of two-phase simulation results that are used to deduce equivalent single-phase parameterizations. The results have been validated with various benchmark criteria at well-defined interfaces in the modelled disposal cells based on the simulated radionuclides fluxes.
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It is internationally accepted that the safest and most sustainable option for managing radioactive waste is geological disposal, utilizing both engineering and geology to isolate the waste and contain the radioactivity.
This Special Publication contains 25 scientific studies presented at the 6th conference on ‘Clays in natural and engineered barriers for radioactive waste confinement’ held in Brussels, Belgium in 2015. The conference and this resulting volume cover many of the aspects of clay characterization and behaviour considered at various temporal and spatial scales relevant to the confinement of radionuclides in clay, from basic phenomenological process descriptions to the global understanding of performance and safety at repository and geological scales.
The papers in this volume consider research into argillaceous media under the following topic areas: large-scale geological characterization; general strategy for clay-based disposal systems; geomechanics; mass transfer; bentonite evolution and gas transfer.
The collection of different topics presented in this Special Publication demonstrates the diversity of geological repository research.