DOPAS full-scale experiments: approaches to compliance assessment
S. Doudou, M. J. White, M. Johnson, J.-M. Bosgiraud, Pär Grahm, 2017. "DOPAS full-scale experiments: approaches to compliance assessment", Radioactive Waste Confinement: Clays in Natural and Engineered Barriers, S. Norris, J. Bruno, M. van Geet, E. Verhoef
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The Full-Scale Demonstration Of Plugs And Seals (DOPAS) Project is a European Commission programme of work jointly funded by the Euratom Seventh Framework Programme and European nuclear waste management organizations (WMOs). The DOPAS Project aims to improve the industrial feasibility of plugs and seals, the measurement of their characteristics, the control of their behaviour over time in repository conditions, and their hydraulic performance with respect to safety objectives.
Within the project, an approach has been developed and applied to assess the compliance of two of the full-scale experiments to their design bases. The approach involves a review of each requirement in the design basis and the strategy used to demonstrate compliance of the experiment with that requirement. Feedback in the form of proposed updates to the design statements is captured by this approach. Learning points on plugs and seals from the compliance assessment are also noted for consideration in the DOPAS Project outcomes. This developed compliance and assessment approach can be employed as part of, or in conjunction with, other more generic approaches used by WMOs, including monitoring, full-scale testing and the documentation of construction procedures.
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It is internationally accepted that the safest and most sustainable option for managing radioactive waste is geological disposal, utilizing both engineering and geology to isolate the waste and contain the radioactivity.
This Special Publication contains 25 scientific studies presented at the 6th conference on ‘Clays in natural and engineered barriers for radioactive waste confinement’ held in Brussels, Belgium in 2015. The conference and this resulting volume cover many of the aspects of clay characterization and behaviour considered at various temporal and spatial scales relevant to the confinement of radionuclides in clay, from basic phenomenological process descriptions to the global understanding of performance and safety at repository and geological scales.
The papers in this volume consider research into argillaceous media under the following topic areas: large-scale geological characterization; general strategy for clay-based disposal systems; geomechanics; mass transfer; bentonite evolution and gas transfer.
The collection of different topics presented in this Special Publication demonstrates the diversity of geological repository research.