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General strategy for clay-based disposal systems

January 01, 2017


In 2009, ONDRAF/NIRAS, the Belgian Agency for Radioactive Waste and Enriched Fissile Materials, established a six-year research, development and demonstration (RD&D) programme to explore the feasibility of its concept for the geological disposal of Category B and C radioactive waste in Belgium. This programme, generally referred to as the ‘B&C Techno project’, aims to acquire evidence and build arguments in order to demonstrate that the proposed disposal system can be constructed, operated and progressively closed, taking into account long-term safety requirements and operational safety requirements.

Galson Sciences Ltd (GSL) has been supporting the co-ordination of the activities involved in this project. This support has included synthesis of research outputs, and the development of various tools and methods to demonstrate that the Belgian geological disposal concept is feasible to implement. Two examples of studies conducted by GSL for ONDRAF/NIRAS as part of the B&C Techno project to substantiate feasibility are described in this paper:

  • A review of other national geological disposal concepts to identify transferable experience relating to the feasibility of constructing, and assembling comparable disposal system components.

  • Development of a storyboard illustrating the different steps involved in disposing of Category B and C waste.

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Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Radioactive Waste Confinement: Clays in Natural and Engineered Barriers

S. Norris
S. Norris
Radioactive Waste Management, UK
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J. Bruno
J. Bruno
Amphos 21, Spain
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M. van Geet
M. van Geet
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E. Verhoef
E. Verhoef
COVRA, The Netherlands
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Geological Society of London
ISBN electronic:
Publication date:
January 01, 2017




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