An assessment of Palaeogene and Neogene clay deposits in Denmark as possible host rocks for final disposal of low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste
Peter Gravesen, Stig A. Schack Pedersen, Bertel Nilsson, Merete Binderup, 2017. "An assessment of Palaeogene and Neogene clay deposits in Denmark as possible host rocks for final disposal of low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste", Radioactive Waste Confinement: Clays in Natural and Engineered Barriers, S. Norris, J. Bruno, M. van Geet, E. Verhoef
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In Denmark, mapping and preliminary investigations of Palaeogene and Early Neogene clay deposits have been performed over the past 5 years. The goal was to locate potential host rocks for the final disposal of low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste from the Danish Research Centre Risø, which has to be decommissioned within the next 5–8 years. Five areas with low-permeability Paleocene and Oligocene clay formations, situated in northern Jylland, NE Fyn and southern Lolland, not far from the Baltic coast at Femern Belt, have been suggested. The clay formations are between 75 and 150 m thick, and have large lateral distribution. They are covered by thin layers of glacial clayey tills and the shallow depth to the clay formations is attractive, partly because they are easy to access and partly because there are no groundwater aquifers situated above or below the clay deposits. The paper gives an overall review of the characteristics of the six different clay formations within four of the areas.
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It is internationally accepted that the safest and most sustainable option for managing radioactive waste is geological disposal, utilizing both engineering and geology to isolate the waste and contain the radioactivity.
This Special Publication contains 25 scientific studies presented at the 6th conference on ‘Clays in natural and engineered barriers for radioactive waste confinement’ held in Brussels, Belgium in 2015. The conference and this resulting volume cover many of the aspects of clay characterization and behaviour considered at various temporal and spatial scales relevant to the confinement of radionuclides in clay, from basic phenomenological process descriptions to the global understanding of performance and safety at repository and geological scales.
The papers in this volume consider research into argillaceous media under the following topic areas: large-scale geological characterization; general strategy for clay-based disposal systems; geomechanics; mass transfer; bentonite evolution and gas transfer.
The collection of different topics presented in this Special Publication demonstrates the diversity of geological repository research.