India and Antarctica
In this short paper, we outline the potential links between India and the East Antarctica region from Enderby Land to Princess Elizabeth Land using the Mesozoic East Gondwana configuration as a starting point. Palaeomagnetic data indicate that East Gondwana did not exist prior to the Ediacaran–Cambrian. Early Neoproterozoic (1050–950 Ma) deformation in East Antarctica and along the Eastern Ghats Province in India marks the initial contact between the two regions. Volcanism in the Kerguelen hotspot led to final break-up of India and East Antarctica in the Cretaceous. Although connections between the Archaean and Proterozoic provinces of India and East Antarctica have been proposed, the current record of large igneous provinces (or dyke swarms), palaeomagnetic data and geochronology do not show a consistently good match between the two regions.
Figures & Tables
Crustal Evolution of India and Antarctica: The Supercontinent Connection
The Proterozoic aeon involved at least three major continental readjustments. India and Antarctica appear in most models of supercontinent reconstructions, but their relative position has been the subject of debate. High-resolution petrological and geochronological data, especially from the Proterozoic mobile belts, provide the principal means of resolving this issue. The ice-covered nature of Antarctica allows only limited access to the rocks, and then only in coastal tracts, so detailed studies in more accessible Proterozoic terrains in India assume added significance.
This volume, a follow-up to the XII International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Science, Goa (a SCAR symposium), provides new data from selected locations in east Antarctica (Enderby Land and Dronning Maud Land) and from India, including the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt (EGMB), Chota Nagpur Gneissic Complex, the Khasi Hills and the Aravalli–Delhi Mobile Belt. The presented geochronological data, constrained by petrological studies, are expected to provide new insights, especially into the EGMB–east Antarctica connection and the rate of continental readjustments in the post-Rodinia break-up.