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Book Chapter

Methods of crystallography: powder X-ray diffraction

By
Angela Altomare
Angela Altomare
Istituto di Cristallografia, Sede di Bari, Via G. Amendola 122/o, Bari, Italy,
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Corrado Cuocci
Corrado Cuocci
Istituto di Cristallografia, Sede di Bari, Via G. Amendola 122/o, Bari, Italy,
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G. Diego Gatta
G. Diego Gatta
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Botticelli 23, Milan, Italy
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Anna Moliterni
Anna Moliterni
Istituto di Cristallografia, Sede di Bari, Via G. Amendola 122/o, Bari, Italy,
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Rosanna Rizzi
Rosanna Rizzi
Istituto di Cristallografia, Sede di Bari, Via G. Amendola 122/o, Bari, Italy,
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Published:
January 01, 2017

In the last twenty-five years, relevant theoretical, methodological and experimental advances have been made in the development and application of the X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) method. In particular, attention has been devoted to the interpretation of XRPD data. The XRPD approach is used currently in mineralogical as well as in many other scientific fields (solid-state chemistry, pharmacology, materials science, etc.) to address a wide range of scientific purposes: qualitative analysis for the identification of the crystalline phases constituting a powder sample; quantitative analysis for estimating the weight fraction of each phase in a mixture; structure solution; microstructural analysis for the inspection of crystalline domain size effects and lattice defects; investigation of highly complex materials: compounds with incommensurate structures, nanoparticles, amorphous materials; studies at non-ambient conditions, in situ, time-resolved and in operando for the description of thermal or compressional behaviour, phase stability and structural evolution.

The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of some basic principles and significant aspects of the XRPD method and examples of its applications to mineralogical problems.

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Contents

EMU Notes in Mineralogy series

Mineralogical Crystallography

Jakub Plášil
Jakub Plášil
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Juraj Majzlan
Juraj Majzlan
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Sergey Krivovichev
Sergey Krivovichev
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Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Volume
19
ISBN electronic:
9780903056601
Publication date:
January 01, 2017

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