Stratigraphic architecture of the Knarr Field, Norwegian North Sea: sedimentology and biostratigraphy of an evolving tide- to wave-dominated shoreline system
James M. Churchill, Matthew T. Poole, Silje S. Skarpeid, Matthew I. Wakefield, 2017. "Stratigraphic architecture of the Knarr Field, Norwegian North Sea: sedimentology and biostratigraphy of an evolving tide- to wave-dominated shoreline system", Sedimentology of Paralic Reservoirs: Recent Advances, G. J. Hampson, A. D. Reynolds, B. Kostic, M. R. Wells
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The Knarr Field is located on the Tampen Spur, Norwegian continental shelf and was discovered in 2008 by the Jordbær well (34/3-1S), with additional resources later added to the field by the Jordbær Vest well (34/3-3S) in 2011. Within the Knarr Field, the Cook Formation is informally divided into the Lower Cook and Upper Cook successions and appears to have prograded from east to west. The Lower Cook consists of Sands 1, 2 and 3 and the Upper Cook consists of Sands 4 and 5, with the sands separated by intraformational mudstones that are commonly chronostratigraphically constrained; the J15 maximum flooding surface separates the Lower and Upper Cook. The tide-dominated Lower Cook is notably heterolithic, with intricate intercalations of sandstone and mudrock lithologies representing tidal channel, tidal bar and intertidal bar facies. The Upper Cook represents a series of coarsening-upwards cycles that displays the systematic changes in facies and ichnology expected for a shoreface succession, consisting of offshore, offshore transition zone and shoreface facies. Palynomorphs confirm these observations and suggest that the Lower Cook was deposited in brackish-water conditions, whereas the presence of more marine fossils in the Upper Cook suggests an increase in marine influence. The integration of the sedimentology and biostratigraphy described herein enabled the establishment of a robust reservoir zonation that has been utilized during the development and ongoing exploitation of the Knarr Field.