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A 3D regional crustal model of the NE Atlantic based on seismic and gravity data

By
C. Haase
C. Haase
Geological Survey of Norway, Leiv Eirikssons vei 39, 7040 Trondheim, Norway
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J. Ebbing
J. Ebbing
Geological Survey of Norway, Leiv Eirikssons vei 39, 7040 Trondheim, NorwayPresent address: Department of Geosciences, Kiel University, 24118 Kiel, Germany
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T. Funck
T. Funck
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Øster Voldgade 10, 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
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Published:
January 01, 2017

Abstract:

We present a 3D regional crustal model for the North Atlantic, which is based on the integration of seismic constraints and gravity data. The model addresses the crustal thickness geometry, and includes information on sedimentary thickness, the presence of high-velocity zones in the lower crust, and information on the crustal density distribution in the continental and oceanic domains. Using an iterative forward- and inverse-modelling approach, we adhere to the seismic constraints within their uncertainty, but manage to enhance the crustal geometry in areas where seismic data are sparse or absent. A number of basins are resolved with more detail. Recently released seismic reflection data beneath the NE Greenland Shelf allowed for a major improvement of the crustal thickness estimates. Estimated Moho depths beneath the basins there vary between 15 and 25 km, which is compatible with the conjugate Norwegian margin. A major lower-crustal seismic velocity anomaly in the vicinity of the Greenland–Iceland–Faroe Ridge complex is supported by density modelling. We discuss the validity and uncertainties of our model assumptions and discuss the correlation with the main structural elements of the North Atlantic.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

The NE Atlantic Region. A Reappraisal of Crustal Structure, Tectonostratigraphy and Magmatic Evolution

G. Péron-Pinvidic
G. Péron-Pinvidic
Geological Survey of Norway, Norway
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J. R. Hopper
J. R. Hopper
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Denmark
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T. Funck
T. Funck
Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, Denmark
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M. S. Stoker
M. S. Stoker
British Geological Survey, UK
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C. Gaina
C. Gaina
University of Oslo, Norway
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J. C. Doornenbal
J. C. Doornenbal
Geological Survey of The Netherlands, The Netherlands
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U. E. Árting
U. E. Árting
Faroese Geological Survey, Faroe Islands
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The Geological Society of London
Volume
447
ISBN electronic:
978-1-78620-37-00
Publication date:
January 01, 2017

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