The Greenland–Iceland–Faroe Ridge Complex
Árni Hjartarson, Ögmundur Erlendsson, Anett Blischke, 2017. "The Greenland–Iceland–Faroe Ridge Complex", The NE Atlantic Region. A Reappraisal of Crustal Structure, Tectonostratigraphy and Magmatic Evolution, G. Péron-Pinvidic, J. R. Hopper, T. Funck, M. S. Stoker, C. Gaina, J. C. Doornenbal, U. E. Árting
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The Greenland–Iceland–Faroe Ridge Complex (GIFRC) has been forming since the opening of the NE Atlantic (<55 Ma), standing out as a prominent feature on all geoscientific datasets. Our interpretations have revealed several new potential abandoned rift centres, mapped as syncline and anticline structures. The synclines are suggested to be manifestations of former rift axes that were abandoned by rift jumps. These appear to be more common inside the GIFRC region than in the adjacent ocean basins, and can be confirmed by observations of cumulative crustal accretion data through time. A major post-40 Ma unconformity is proposed across the East Iceland Shelf, forming a distinct 16–20 myr-long hiatus that is covered by a thick, younger sedimentary section.
Several seamounts were identified on multibeam datasets at around 1200 m water depth in the Vesturdjúp Basin, just south of the Greenland–Iceland Ridge. These seamounts appear to be younger in formation time than the surrounding ocean floor, possibly indicating a still active intraplate volcanic zone. Young tectonic features, such as faults, graben and transverse ridges, characterize the area and present a good example of the complexity of the GIFRC in comparison to the adjacent abyssal plain.