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Book Chapter

Italian physicians’ contribution to geosciences

By
Marco Pantaloni
Marco Pantaloni
1
Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale (ISPRA), via V. Brancati, 48, 00144 Rome, Italy
2
Società Geologica Italiana, History of Geoscience Section, c/o Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le Aldo Moro, 3, 00199 Rome, Italy
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Fabiana Console
Fabiana Console
1
Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale (ISPRA), via V. Brancati, 48, 00144 Rome, Italy
2
Società Geologica Italiana, History of Geoscience Section, c/o Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le Aldo Moro, 3, 00199 Rome, Italy
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Lorenzo Lorusso
Lorenzo Lorusso
3
Neurology Department, A.S.S.T. Franciacorta, Chiari-Brescia, Italy
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Fabio Massimo Petti
Fabio Massimo Petti
2
Società Geologica Italiana, History of Geoscience Section, c/o Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le Aldo Moro, 3, 00199 Rome, Italy
4
MUSE – Museo delle Scienze di Trento, Corso del lavoro e della scienza, 3, 38122 Trento, Italy
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Antonia Francesca Franchini
Antonia Francesca Franchini
5
Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e di Comunità, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
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Alessandro Porro
Alessandro Porro
5
Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e di Comunità, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy
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Marco Romano
Marco Romano
2
Società Geologica Italiana, History of Geoscience Section, c/o Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le Aldo Moro, 3, 00199 Rome, Italy
6
Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung, Invalidenstrasse 43, Berlin, Germany
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Published:
January 01, 2017

Abstract:

Italian physicians have been interested in geology since the fifteenth century or earlier, with leading figures carrying out fundamental and enlightening studies in both fields of competence. Refined cultured men including Bernardino Ramazzini, Antonio Vallisneri, Tommaso Antonio Catullo, Carlo Gemmellaro, Leopoldo Pilla, Giuseppe Meneghini, Gaetano Giorgio Gemmellaro and Arcangelo Scacchi, in addition to the introduction of reasoning and basic concepts for the advancement of Earth sciences, conducted major studies in the medical field, proving once again the holistic interests of Italian intellectuals.

Following the publication of Principles of Geology by Charles Lyell, some scientists were fascinated by the geosciences, carrying out both medical observations and geological studies, and contributing significantly to the development of modern geology. The biographies and works of some leading Italian physicians illustrate their scientific activity in the study of stratigraphy, geomorphology, palaeontology and volcanology, with acknowledgement internationally. These Italian scientists contributed to the political unification of Italy, actively participating in scientific and political discussion, and fulfilling government aims. They contributed to the foundation of the Geological Society of Italy, one of the oldest scientific fellowships in Italy.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Geology and Medicine: Historical Connections

C.J. Duffin
C.J. Duffin
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C. Gardner-Thorpe
C. Gardner-Thorpe
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R. T. J. Moody
R. T. J. Moody
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Geological Society of London
Volume
452
ISBN electronic:
9781786203335
Publication date:
January 01, 2017

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