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Modeling in Mining Geophysics: When, Where, and How?

Michael W. Asten
Michael W. Asten
BHP Research, 245 Wellington Road, Mulgrave, Victoria 3170, Australia.
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January 01, 1999


Codes for 3-D electromagnetic (EM) modeling are limited by hardware and time constraints to models that only crudely resemble the geological structures encountered in mineral exploration. They are many orders of magnitude away from execution speeds that would allow routine inversion for models of realistic size and complexity. Nevertheless, important advances in the next few years will come from approximate 3-D methods. Examples are inversion of airborne and reconnaissance ground data in the inductive limit (high-frequency approximation), inversion by an EM analog of seismic migration, and modeling and inversion by fast algorithms allowing multiple plates in a conductive earth in the resistive limit (low-frequency approximation). Full 3-D modeling will be necessary for the development and validation of these approximations.

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Figures & Tables


Geophysical Developments Series

Three-Dimensional Electromagnetics

Society of Exploration Geophysicists
ISBN electronic:
Publication date:
January 01, 1999




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