Exploration of Earth Resources
Exploration of earth resources requires an accurate seismic image of the subsurface, which requires an accurate estimate of seismic velocities. Only by seismic imaging can we obtain a geologically plausible representation of the geometry of the near-surface and subsurface layers, including the ability to confirm the presence of faults. The subsurface velocity-depth model and the associated seismic image are two companions that complement each other.
Figures & Tables
The narrow scope of engineering seismology includes its application to geotechnical site investigations for buildings and engineering infrastructures, such as dams, levees, bridges, and tunnels, and landslide and active-fault investigations. It also includes seismic microzonation to determine soil amplification and liquefaction susceptibility within a municipal area to estimate the earthquake risk. The broad scope of engineering seismology also includes its application to groundwater exploration, coal and mineral exploration, geothermal exploration, and investigations of historic buildings and archaeological sites. This book primarily is devoted to application of the seismic method to geotechnical engineering. Nevertheless, the book also includes chapters on case studies for the broader scope of engineering seismology.