Geophysical Investigations of Historic Buildings
The Great Church of St. Sophia in Istanbul was built during the period 532–537 AD by the Byzantine Emperor Justinianus and dedicated to Divine Wisdom – thus its Greek name Hagia Sophia. The St. Sophia has an imposing structure, with a main dome that has not been surpassed in size and height by any other church or mosque in the world (Figure 7.0-1). During the earthquake in 557 AD, the dome partially collapsed, but was quickly repaired back to its original grandeur. The current building is the third structure built at the site; the two previous structures were destroyed by fire and riots.
Figures & Tables
The narrow scope of engineering seismology includes its application to geotechnical site investigations for buildings and engineering infrastructures, such as dams, levees, bridges, and tunnels, and landslide and active-fault investigations. It also includes seismic microzonation to determine soil amplification and liquefaction susceptibility within a municipal area to estimate the earthquake risk. The broad scope of engineering seismology also includes its application to groundwater exploration, coal and mineral exploration, geothermal exploration, and investigations of historic buildings and archaeological sites. This book primarily is devoted to application of the seismic method to geotechnical engineering. Nevertheless, the book also includes chapters on case studies for the broader scope of engineering seismology.