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Abstract

We have studied a group of granitoids from the Western Karelia subprovince of the Fennoscandian Shield. This group is referred to as quartz syenites, but shows compositional variation from syenites to quartz monzonites, with a small number of monzonites and granites. Compositionally studied rocks are alkali and alkali-calcic, and magnesian, mostly metaluminous. Characteristically, they have a high content of alkaline (Na, K), large ion lithophile elements (LILE) (Ba, Sr), high-field strength elements (HFSE) (TiO2, Zr, Ce), as well as a low content of Mg, Ni and Cr, by which they can be distinguished from sanukitoid and quartz diorite suites of the Karelia Province. These quartz syenites were emplaced between 2.74 and 2.66 Ga, representing late-phase intrusions overlapping in age with the sanukitoids, the quartz diorites and the leucogranitoids. Initial whole-rock εNd values of quartz syenites vary from 1.8 to −1.8, and do not indicate a significant contribution of considerably older crust. Oxygen-isotope data for zircon indicate a varying mantle source (δ18O 5.35–7.15‰), with a contribution from source(s) with elevated δ18O values. Our data provide constraints on compositionally diverse Neoarchaean magmatism in the Archaean Karelia Province. The late Archaean evolution of the Western Karelia subprovince resembles that of the Neoarchean domains worldwide with respect to granitoid composition and temporal distribution.

Supplementary material: Tables detailing geochemical analyses, analytical data for the five age samples and oxygen-isotope analyses from this study are available at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.3459771

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