Reservoir architectures of interlava systems: a 3D photogrammetrical study of Eocene cliff sections, Faroe Islands
Henrik Vosgerau, Simon R. Passey, Kristian Svennevig, Max N. Strunck, David W. Jolley, 2016. "Reservoir architectures of interlava systems: a 3D photogrammetrical study of Eocene cliff sections, Faroe Islands", The Value of Outcrop Studies in Reducing Subsurface Uncertainty and Risk in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production, M. Bowman, H. R. Smyth, T. R. Good, S. R. Passey, J. P. P. Hirst, C. J. Jordan
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Following the intra-volcanic Rosebank discovery in the Faroe–Shetland Basin, NE Atlantic, there has been a need to find suitable analogues to characterize reservoir architectures, connectivities and compartmentalization of interlava clastic beds. The Faroe Islands, situated c. 160–190 km to the NW of this discovery, are an exposed remnant of the Palaeogene lava field host and the near-vertical cliff sections afford the opportunity to map lateral variations over many kilometres. This was achieved through 3D photogrammetry based on high-resolution digital photographs taken from a helicopter. The study focused on the Eocene Enni Formation, which is dominated by a mixture of simple and compound lava flows commonly separated by minor volcaniclastic beds, including the widespread Argir Beds. In general, the interlava beds are tabular shaped and <1 to c. 6 m thick. Locally they thicken in depressions formed by the wedging out or differential erosion of underlying lava flow lobes. Connectivity may be caused by the wedging out of successive lava flows leading to the lateral merging of interlava beds or more rarely be hydraulically connected via conglomeratic fills of major channels. Lateral compartmentalization may be caused by the intersection of interlava beds by dykes, lava tubes, lava-filled channels or reverse faults.
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The Value of Outcrop Studies in Reducing Subsurface Uncertainty and Risk in Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production
Field studies over a range of scales have been important in the upstream oil and gas industry for decades. Advances in digital outcrop characterization and data capture, coupled with increased computational capabilities, have resulted in a resurgence in fieldwork; these field studies are required to develop depositional, stratigraphic and structural concepts and provide the data which underpin the current generation of complex, computer generated, 3D subsurface models. These models provide an informed means of benchmarking the subsurface along with a more considered view of subsurface uncertainty and management of the risks identified. The papers in this volume cover safety in the field, frontier basin petroleum system assessment, field appraisal and development including unconventional resources, applications of techniques such as LiDAR and 3D photogrammetry, and uncertainty characterization. The studies were undertaken in diverse locations such as the Faroe Islands, Italy, Algeria, India, the USA and Trinidad; they represent a range of tectonic settings and a wide geological time frame. The spectrum of papers is testament to the value and integral position that fieldwork occupies within the modern hydrocarbon industry.