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Book Chapter

Thermal behaviour of mineral fibres

By
Andrea Bloise
Andrea Bloise
Dipartimento di Biologia, Ecologia e Scienze della Terra, Università della Calabria, Via P. Bucci, IT-87036, Arcavacata di Rende (Cs), Italy
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Robert Kusiorowski
Robert Kusiorowski
Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials, Refractory Materials Division in Gliwice, ul. Toszecka 99, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
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Magdalena Lassinantti Gualtieri
Magdalena Lassinantti Gualtieri
Dipartimento di Ingegneria “Enzo Ferrari”, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Via Vivarelli 10, I-41125, Modena, Italy
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Alessandro F. Gualtieri
Alessandro F. Gualtieri
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Geologiche, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 103, I-41125, Modena, Italy ‘Corresponding author
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Published:
January 01, 2017

Abstract

This chapter deals with the synthesis and thermal stability of mineral fibres. The different structural assemblages within mineral fibres and their resistance to high temperature changes from species to species. In general, the formation of such minerals takes place in hydrothermal environments. The thermal decomposition process consists of three main stages: the loss of water adsorbed on the surface of the fibre and the zeolitic water below 200–250°C; the removal of the structure water (the hydroxyl groups) in the range 500–1100°C and recrystallization into new stable crystalline phases. The thermal stability of chrysotile, amphiboles fibres and erionite will be described in detail and will be followed by specific sections describing how the concept of thermal decomposition is used for the remediation of wastes containing asbestos to produce secondary raw materials to be recycled in various industrial application.

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Contents

European Mineralogical Union Notes in Mineralogy

Mineral Fibres: Crystal Chemistry, Chemical-Physical Properties, Biological Interaction and Toxicity

A. F. Gualtieri
A. F. Gualtieri
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Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Volume
18
ISBN electronic:
9780903056663
Publication date:
January 01, 2017

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