Skip to Main Content
Book Chapter

The analysis of asbestos minerals using vibrational spectroscopies (FTIR, Raman): Crystal-chemistry, identification and environmental applications

Giancarlo Della Ventura
Giancarlo Della Ventura
Dipartimento di Scienze, Università di Roma Tre, Largo S. Leonardo Murialdo 1, I-00146 Roma
Search for other works by this author on:
January 01, 2017


This chapter deals with the use of vibrational spectroscopies, i.e. FTIR and Raman, for the study of asbestos minerals. Both techniques have been applied extensively for studies on amphiboles and layer silicates. According to factor group analysis, FTIR and Raman spectra show the same number of bands in the OH-stretching region (4000–3000 cm−1) whereas in the lower frequency range (<1200 cm−1) the spectra are much more complex and significantly different. In this region, vibrations due to the tetrahedral double-chain, met al-oxygen modes and OH librations overlap, thus making the assignment of the observed bands difficult. FTIR spectroscopy has been used extensively in recent decades for crystal-chemical studies and as a tool for characterizing short-range and long-range arrangements in amphiboles and layer silicates. A large corpus of data, summarized and discussed in the text, shows that Raman spectroscopy in the low-frequency region is valuable as an identification tool for the regulated asbestos silicates; for this reason, Raman microscopy, also thanks to its intrinsic higher spatial resolution compared to FTIR, has been used extensively to study fibrous minerals in environmental and biomedical applications. Selected examples of these applications are described.

You do not currently have access to this article.
Don't already have an account? Register

Figures & Tables


European Mineralogical Union Notes in Mineralogy

Mineral Fibres: Crystal Chemistry, Chemical-Physical Properties, Biological Interaction and Toxicity

A. F. Gualtieri
A. F. Gualtieri
Search for other works by this author on:
Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland
ISBN electronic:
Publication date:
January 01, 2017




A comprehensive resource of eBooks for researchers in the Earth Sciences

Close Modal
This Feature Is Available To Subscribers Only

Sign In or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal