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Book Chapter

Crystal habit of mineral fibres

By
Elena Belluso
Elena Belluso
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra – Centro Interdipartimentale per lo studio degli amianti e di altri particolati nocivi ‘Giovanni Scansetti”, Università degli Studi di Torino, Via Valperga Caluso 35, I-10125, Turin, Italy
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Alessandro Cavallo
Alessandro Cavallo
Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Ambiente e del Territorio e di Scienze della Terra, UniversitΆ degli Studi di Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milan, Italy
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Don Halterman
Don Halterman
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Salt Lake Technical Center, 8660 South Sandy Parkway, Sandy, UT 84070, USA
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Published:
January 01, 2017

Abstract

This chapter describes the crystal habit of mineral fibres. This topic is so complex and multifaceted that it deserves a detailed and systematic description in order to guide the reader through the jungle of the intricate, overlapping, sometimes contradictory definitions of ‘mineral fibre’ and the complex relationship between crystal structure and growth and overall crystal habit. The definition of ‘mineral fibre’ or ‘fibre’ itself is intrinsically chameleon-like because it assumes different meanings and relevance in different areas and scientific fields. As a matter of fact, if you ask ten different people to define what ‘fibre’ means to them, you may receive ten different answers. Even among specialists in the field of ‘mineral fibres’, there is no clear agreement on what we call a ‘fibre’. It is important to be able to rely upon indisputable and unanimous definitions and share a common language because the crystal habit of ‘mineral fibres’, especially asbestos, is considered one of the major characteristics affecting their toxicity, pathogenicity and carcinogenicity and hence it has a paramount importance for the social and legal issues.

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Contents

European Mineralogical Union Notes in Mineralogy

Mineral Fibres: Crystal Chemistry, Chemical-Physical Properties, Biological Interaction and Toxicity

A. F. Gualtieri
A. F. Gualtieri
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Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Volume
18
ISBN electronic:
9780903056663
Publication date:
January 01, 2017

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