Tracing the history of INHIGEO (International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences)
2017. "Tracing the history of INHIGEO (International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences)", History of Geoscience: Celebrating 50 Years of INHIGEO, W. Mayer, R. M. Clary, L. F. Azuela, T. S. Mota, S. Wołkowicz
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Some aspects of the early history of the International Commission on the History of Geological Sciences have been traced through original documents and the correspondence of its first President, Vladimir V. Tikhomirov (1915–94).
The article highlights the role of the Commission on Geological Exploration of the USSR (KOGI), formed in 1955 at the Geological Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The valuable experience gained during work on the large KOGI project was later used by Moscow geologists in 1964 in the proposal leading to the establishment of the International Committee on the History of Geology (INHIGEO). At its Constituent Assembly held in Yerevan in 1967, the decision resulted in the election of 15 founding members, 20 corresponding members and a working agenda and its by-laws in the adoption of the committee statutes. The first INHIGEO membership was approved at the 23rd IGC in Prague in 1968 (12 members and 29 corresponding members).
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The study of the Earth’s origin, its composition, the processes that changed and shaped it over time and the fossils preserved in rocks, have occupied enquiring minds from ancient times. The contributions in this volume trace the history of ideas and the research of scholars in a wide range of geological disciplines that have paved the way to our present-day understanding and knowledge of the physical nature of our planet and the diversity of life that inhabited it.
To mark the 50th anniversary of the founding of the International Commission on the History of Geology, the book features contributions that give insights into its establishment and progress. In other sections authors reflect on the value of studying the history of the geosciences and provide accounts of early investigations in fields as diverse as tectonics, volcanology, geomorphology, vertebrate palaeontology and petroleum geology. Other papers discuss the establishment of geological surveys, the contribution of women to geology and biographical sketches of noted scholars in various fields of geoscience.