Morphotectonic expression of geological structures in the eastern part of the South East Deccan Volcanic Province (around Nanded, Maharashtra, India)
R. D. Kaplay, M. D. Babar, Soumyajit Mukherjee, T. Vijay Kumar, 2017. "Morphotectonic expression of geological structures in the eastern part of the South East Deccan Volcanic Province (around Nanded, Maharashtra, India)", Tectonics of the Deccan Large Igneous Province, S. Mukherjee, A. A. Misra, G. Calvès, M. Nemčok
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We geomorphometrically characterize the tectonics near the microseismically active Nanded region, Maharashtra, India. We used the geomorphic indices of active tectonics in 32 sub-basins to evaluate the relationship between tectonics and basin morphology. The area is divided into three different zones (1, 2 and 3). Microseismicity is concentrated along the NW–SE-trending Urvashi Ghat Lineament. The anomalous drainages and lineaments are also confined to the region where microseismicity is associated with thrust. Spatial analysis of the elongation ratio and hypsometric integral of the basins provide valuable information on their distribution and relationship to the structure and tectonics. This study suggests neotectonic control on the evolution of the basins close to Nanded City.
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Understanding the Deccan Trap Large Igneous Province in western India is important for deciphering the India–Seychelles rifting mechanism. This book presents 13 studies that address the development of this province from diverse perspectives including field structural geology, geochemistry, analytical modelling, geomorphology and geophysics (e.g., palaeomagnetism, gravity and magnetic anomalies, and seismic imaging). Together, these papers indicate that the tectonics of Deccan is much more complicated than previously thought. Key findings include: the Deccan province can be divided into several blocks; the existence of a rift-induced palaeo-slope; constraints on the eruption period; rift–drift transition mechanisms determined for magma-rich systems; the tectonic role of the Deccan or Réunion plumes; sub-surface structures reported from boreholes; the delineation of the crust–mantle structure; the documentation of sub-surface tectonic boundaries; post-Deccan-Trap basin inversion; deformed dykes around Mumbai, and also from the eastern part of the Deccan Traps, documented in the field.