Deccan Plateau uplift: insights from parts of Western Uplands, Maharashtra, India
Vivek S. Kale, Gauri Dole, Devdutt Upasani, Shilpa Patil Pillai, 2017. "Deccan Plateau uplift: insights from parts of Western Uplands, Maharashtra, India", Tectonics of the Deccan Large Igneous Province, S. Mukherjee, A. A. Misra, G. Calvès, M. Nemčok
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The western edge of the Deccan Plateau (=Western Uplands) has been depicted in its evolutionary models to be a contiguous crustal block exposing structurally undisturbed subhorizontal stacks of Deccan Trap basalts.
The geomorphological and morphometric characteristics of this terrain, Quaternary fluvial sediments capping the Deccan Traps in some river basins, compounded with deformation features in the basalts, and in the overlying sediments, are compiled here. They demonstrate that the Western Upland region of the Deccan Plateau may be constituted of no less than three blocks with differential Quaternary uplift histories, rather than the entire region experiencing a unified uplift.
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Understanding the Deccan Trap Large Igneous Province in western India is important for deciphering the India–Seychelles rifting mechanism. This book presents 13 studies that address the development of this province from diverse perspectives including field structural geology, geochemistry, analytical modelling, geomorphology and geophysics (e.g., palaeomagnetism, gravity and magnetic anomalies, and seismic imaging). Together, these papers indicate that the tectonics of Deccan is much more complicated than previously thought. Key findings include: the Deccan province can be divided into several blocks; the existence of a rift-induced palaeo-slope; constraints on the eruption period; rift–drift transition mechanisms determined for magma-rich systems; the tectonic role of the Deccan or Réunion plumes; sub-surface structures reported from boreholes; the delineation of the crust–mantle structure; the documentation of sub-surface tectonic boundaries; post-Deccan-Trap basin inversion; deformed dykes around Mumbai, and also from the eastern part of the Deccan Traps, documented in the field.