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Conclusion: recommendations and findings of the RED SEED working group

By
A. J. L. Harris
A. J. L. Harris
Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, Université Blaise Pascal – CNRS – IRD, OPGC, 5 rue Kessler, 63038 Clermont Ferrand, France
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S. Carn
S. Carn
Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences, Michigan Technological University, 1400 Townsend Drive, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
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J. Dehn
J. Dehn
University of Alaska Fairbanks, Geophysical Institute, 903 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
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C. Del Negro
C. Del Negro
Instituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia – Osservatorio Etneo INGV, Sezione di Catania, Piazza Roma 2, 95125 Catania, Italy
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M. T. Guđmundsson
M. T. Guđmundsson
University of Iceland, Institute of Earth Sciences, Sturlugata 7, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
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B. Cordonnier
B. Cordonnier
Gentleman Scientist
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T. Barnie
T. Barnie
Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, Université Blaise Pascal – CNRS – IRD, OPGC, 5 rue Kessler, 63038 Clermont Ferrand, France
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E. Chahi
E. Chahi
Game Developers, 5 rue des martins pecheurs, 34000 Montpellier, France
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S. Calvari
S. Calvari
Instituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia – Osservatorio Etneo INGV, Sezione di Catania, Piazza Roma 2, 95125 Catania, Italy
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T. Catry
T. Catry
SEAS-OI, UMR 228 Espace-Dev (UM2, IRD, UAG, UR), 40 Avenue de Soweto, CS 70561, 97447 Saint-Pierre cedex, Reunion, France
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T. De Groeve
T. De Groeve
Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, European Commission – Joint Research Centre, Via E. Fermi, I-21027 Ispra (VA), Italy
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D. Coppola
D. Coppola
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Torino, Via Valperga Caluso, 35-10125 Torino, Italy
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A. Davies
A. Davies
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109, USA
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M. Favalli
M. Favalli
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Pisa Via della Faggiola 32, 56126 Pisa, Italy
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F. Ferrucci
F. Ferrucci
Deptartment of Environment, Earth and Ecosystems, The Open University, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, UK; Deptartment of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, University of Calabria, Ponte Bucci 44A, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
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E. Fujita
E. Fujita
National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, Tennodai 3-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0006, Japan
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G. Ganci
G. Ganci
Instituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia – Osservatorio Etneo INGV, Sezione di Catania, Piazza Roma 2, 95125 Catania, Italy
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F. Garel
F. Garel
Géosciences Montpellier, Université de Montpellier, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier, France
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P. Huet
P. Huet
La Cité du Volcan, RN3 - Bourg Murat, Le Tampon, La Réunion, France
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J. Kauahikaua
J. Kauahikaua
United States Geological Survey, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, PO Box 22, Hawaii National Park, HI 96718, USA
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K. Kelfoun
K. Kelfoun
Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans, Université Blaise Pascal – CNRS – IRD, OPGC, 5 rue Kessler, 63038 Clermont Ferrand, France
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V. Lombardo
V. Lombardo
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Centro Nazionale Terremoti, Via di Vigna Murata, 605, 00143 Rome, Italy
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G. Macedonio
G. Macedonio
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Vesuviano, Via Diocleziano, 328, 80124 Napoli, Italy
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J. Pacheco
J. Pacheco
Centro de Vulcanologia e Avaliação de Riscos Geológicos, Universidade dos Açores – Edifício do Complexo Científico, 3° Piso, Ala Sul 9501-801 Ponta Delgada, Potugal
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M. Patrick
M. Patrick
United States Geological Survey, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, PO Box 22, Hawaii National Park, HI 96718, USA
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N. Pergola
N. Pergola
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Metodologie per l’Analisi Abientale C. da S. Loja, Zona Industriale, 85050 Tito Scalo (Pz), Italy
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M. Ramsey
M. Ramsey
Department of Geology and Planetary Science, University of Pittsburgh, 4107 O’Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
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R. Rongo
R. Rongo
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Calabria, Arcavacata, 87036 – Rende (CS), Italy
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F. Sahy
F. Sahy
Game Developers, 5 rue des martins pecheurs, 34000 Montpellier, France
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K. Smith
K. Smith
Laboratoire GéoSciences Réunion, 15, Avenue René Cassin, BP 7151 97715 Saint Denis messagerie cedex 9, La Réunion, France
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S. Tarquini
S. Tarquini
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Pisa Via della Faggiola 32, 56126 Pisa, Italy
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T. Thordarson
T. Thordarson
University of Iceland, Institute of Earth Sciences, Sturlugata 7, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
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N. Villeneuve
N. Villeneuve
University of Hamburg, Institute of Geophysics, Bundesstr. 55, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany
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P. Webley
P. Webley
University of Alaska Fairbanks, Geophysical Institute, 903 Koyukuk Drive, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
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R. Wright
R. Wright
Hawaii Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1680 East West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
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K. Zakšek
K. Zakšek
University of Hamburg, Institute of Geophysics, Bundesstr. 55, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany
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Published:
January 01, 2016

Abstract

RED SEED stands for Risk Evaluation, Detection and Simulation during Effusive Eruption Disasters, and combines stakeholders from the remote sensing, modelling and response communities with experience in tracking volcanic effusive events. The group first met during a three day-long workshop held in Clermont Ferrand (France) between 28 and 30 May 2013. During each day, presentations were given reviewing the state of the art in terms of (a) volcano hot spot detection and parameterization, (b) operational satellite-based hot spot detection systems, (c) lava flow modelling and (d) response protocols during effusive crises. At the end of each presentation set, the four groups retreated to discuss and report on requirements for a truly integrated and operational response that satisfactorily combines remote sensors, modellers and responders during an effusive crisis. The results of collating the final reports, and follow-up discussions that have been on-going since the workshop, are given here. We can reduce our discussions to four main findings. (1) Hot spot detection tools are operational and capable of providing effusive eruption onset notice within 15 min. (2) Spectral radiance metrics can also be provided with high degrees of confidence. However, if we are to achieve a truly global system, more local receiving stations need to be installed with hot spot detection and data processing modules running on-site and in real time. (3) Models are operational, but need real-time input of reliable time-averaged discharge rate data and regular updates of digital elevation models if they are to be effective; the latter can be provided by the radar/photogrammetry community. (4) Information needs to be provided in an agreed and standard format following an ensemble approach and using models that have been validated and recognized as trustworthy by the responding authorities. All of this requires a sophisticated and centralized data collection, distribution and reporting hub that is based on a philosophy of joint ownership and mutual trust. While the next chapter carries out an exercise to explore the viability of the last point, the detailed recommendations behind these findings are detailed here.

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Contents

Geological Society, London, Special Publications

Detecting, Modelling and Responding to Effusive Eruptions

A. J. L. Harris
A. J. L. Harris
Université Blaise Pascal, France
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T. De Groeve
T. De Groeve
Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, Italy
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F. Garel
F. Garel
Université de Montpellier, France
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S. A. Carn
S. A. Carn
Michigan Technological University, USA
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Geological Society of London
Volume
426
ISBN electronic:
9781862399587
Publication date:
January 01, 2016

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