Reflection and transmission at curvilinear interface in terms of surface integrals
Kamill Klem-Musatov, Arkady Aizenberg, Hans B. Helle, Jan Pajchel, 2016. "Reflection and transmission at curvilinear interface in terms of surface integrals", Seismic Diffraction, Kamil Klem-Musatov, Henning Hoeber, Michael Pelissier, Tijmen Jan Moser
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We derive a rigorous analytic description of multiple reflection/transmission phenomena of 3D scalar harmonic wave fields in two inhomogeneous half spaces separated by a smooth curvilinear interface of arbitrary shape. The resulting wave field is expressed in terms of a branching sequence of events connected by recurrence relationships. An individual event is a result of the perturbation of boundary conditions by the previous event of the sequence that, in turn, again perturbs the boundary conditions. Such an event is described by the surface Helmholtz integral of any fundamental solution satisfying conditions at infinity. Functions of the current point of the interface and their normal derivatives (Cauchy data) are described by the surface integrals with the fundamental solutions for an absolutely absorbing interface. The Cauchy data of the latter integrals are obtained from the subsequent transformations. The perturbation of the interface and its normal derivatives are mapped into the spatial frequency domain by means of the Fourier transform where they are multiplied by the corresponding reflection/transmission coefficients and then is mapped back to an individual point on the interface by means of the inverse Fourier transform. Parameters of these transformations depend on the point where the result is computed. Therefore the computation at a new point of the interface requires the repetition of these transformations.
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The use of diffraction imaging to complement the seismic reflection method is rapidly gaining momentum in the oil and gas industry. As the industry moves toward exploiting smaller and more complex conventional reservoirs and extensive new unconventional resource plays, the application of the seismic diffraction method to image sub-wavelength features such as small-scale faults, fractures and stratigraphic pinchouts is expected to increase dramatically over the next few years. “Seismic Diffraction” covers seismic diffraction theory, modeling, observation, and imaging. Papers and discussion include an overview of seismic diffractions, including classic papers which introduced the potential of diffraction phenomena in seismic processing; papers on the forward modeling of seismic diffractions, with an emphasis on the theoretical principles; papers which describe techniques for diffraction mathematical modeling as well as laboratory experiments for the physical modeling of diffractions; key papers dealing with the observation of seismic diffractions, in near-surface-, reservoir-, as well as crustal studies; and key papers on diffraction imaging.