A unified approach to measuring structures in orientated drill core
Published:January 01, 2015
Tom Blenkinsop, Mark Doyle, Michael Nugus, 2015. "A unified approach to measuring structures in orientated drill core", Industrial Structural Geology: Principles, Techniques and Integration, F. L. Richards, N. J. Richardson, S. J. Rippington, R. W. Wilson, C. E. Bond
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A unified system of collecting structural data from drill core is proposed. The system encompasses planes and planar fabrics, lineations, fold hinges and hinge surfaces, faults and shear zones, vorticity vectors, shear directions and shear senses. The system is based on standard measurements of angles in the reference frame of the core (α and β angles), which are easily carried out by means of core protractors or templates. The methods for dealing with folds and kinematic analysis of shear zones have not been described previously, but they follow logically from the standard methods for dealing with planes and lines.
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Industrial Structural Geology: Principles, Techniques and Integration
The practical application of structural geology in industry is varied and diverse; it is relevant at all scales, from plate-wide screening of new exploration areas down to fluid-flow behaviour along individual fractures. From an industry perspective, good structural practice is essential since it feeds into the quantification and recovery of reserves and ultimately underpins commercial investment choices. Many of the fundamental structural principles and techniques used by industry can be traced back to the academic community, and this volume aims to provide insights into how structural theory translates into industry practice.
Papers in this publication describe case studies and workflows that demonstrate applied structural geology, covering a spread of topics including trap definition, fault seal, fold-and-thrust belts, fractured reservoirs, fluid flow and geomechanics. Against a background of evolving ideas, new data types and advancing computational tools, the volume highlights the need for structural geologists to constantly re-evaluate the role they play in solving industrial challenges.