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Abstract

The main petrographic variables of intrusive rocks that influence the technical test methods common used within the aggregate industry were identified and evaluated, the aim being to investigate whether petrographic description could be used as a tool for the preliminary quality evaluation of different rock groups. Evaluation of the dependence of the technical test methods on petrographic variables covered 26 intrusive rocks, including some of their altered varieties (orthogneisses), divided into two groups: 17 granitoids and 9 gabbroids. The selective designated samples were analysed to determine their petrographic characteristics and resistance to fragmentation, wear and wear by abrasion from studded tyres. In order to identify the complicated associations between the petrographic and technical properties, multivariate statistical evaluation was performed. The results of statistical evaluation highlighted that mean grain size of mica minerals, grain size distribution, content of mica minerals and mean grain size were the main variables influencing the technical properties of granitoid rocks, while for gabbroid rocks, the main influences were the frequency of microcracks, mica content, grain size distribution and mean grain size.

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